Keystone XL Timeline
TransCanada announces Keystone XL pipeline expansion project.
U.S. State Department announces it will conduct an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).
January 1 – June 1, 2009
The State Department conducts 20 meetings to explore the issues raised by the EIS.
TransCanada consults with federal and state agencies and Native American Tribes.
March – April 2010
Canada’s National Energy Board (NEB) approves the Canadian leg of Keystone XL.
Natural Resources Defense Council reports Keystone will thwart efforts to increase reliance on clean energy sources.
Draft EIS finds the pipeline would have limited adverse environmental impacts and subsequent environmental assessments by the department result in similar findings.
EIS criticized for lack adequate information, including greenhouse gas emissions.
April 16 – September 1, 2010
The State Department solicits comments on the proposed pipeline.
Members of U.S. Congress call on Secretary of State Hilary Clinton to study Keystone XL with respect to clean energy and climate change priorities.
Labour unions representing 2.5 million workers urge the State Department to approve pipeline.
Secretary of State says she is inclined to approve Keystone XL.
TransCanada agrees to 57 safety measures requested by the State Department and the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration relating to the construction, operation and design of the pipeline.
April – June 2011
The State Department seeks public comment on Keystone XL.
August – September 2011
Protesters in Washington call on the Obama administration to reject Keystone XL.
EIS report finds no major environmental risks have been found and the project would negatively affect certain cultural resources.
On November 10, U.S. Department of State (DOS) suspends permitting process for Keystone XL until re-route to avoid the Nebraska Sandhills is complete.
A Presidential Permit for the pipeline will likely not occur until Q1 2013.
Agreement is reached to pursue an alternate pipeline route to avoid Nebraska Sandhills.
Nebraska enacts a law codifying a process for approving the route and directing the state’s Department of Environmental Quality to cooperate with the state in moving it forward.
The House and Senate unanimously approve and Obama signs the payroll tax bill, which requires the president to approve or deny the Keystone permit within 60 days.
January 18, 2012
President Obama announces he will not approve the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline in its current form but will allow TransCanada to re-apply.
February 27, 2012
TransCanada announces it is dividing the Keystone XL project into two parts and will proceed with the Gulf Coast Project from Cushing, Oklahoma, which doesn’t cross an international border and it has its own utility; therefore, it does not require a Presidential Permit.
President Obama publicly stated that the Gulf Coast Project from Cushing Oklahoma has presidential support and he will expedite the permitting.
May 4, 2012
TransCanada submits a Presidential Permit application for the Keystone XL Pipeline from the U.S.–Canada border in Montana to Steele City, Nebraska. TransCanada will supplement that application with an alternative route in Nebraska as soon as that route is selected.
TransCanada is working collaboratively with the State of Nebraska and the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality to reroute the contentious segment of the Keystone XL pipeline around the Sandhills.
The U.S. Department of State reiterated statements that it expects to make a decision on a Presidential Permit for Keystone XL by the first quarter of 2013.